This article is currently in the process of being translated into Russian (~18% done).


More events

Ладно, событие onClick из прошлого параграфа было простым, так что давайте попробуем создать весь необходимый для события код с нуля. Мы также добавим новый элемент управления, чтобы было интереснее, - выпадающий список DropDownList, который позволит пользователю выбрать пункт из списка. Добавьте следующий фрагмент кода куда-нибудь в файле Default.aspx:

<asp:DropDownList runat="server" id="GreetList" autopostback="true">
    <asp:ListItem value="no one">No one</asp:ListItem>
    <asp:ListItem value="world">World</asp:ListItem>
    <asp:ListItem value="universe">Universe</asp:ListItem>

This thing works just like a normal HTML SELECT element, which is of course what it's translated into upon rendering. The only attribute that would seem new to a person with basic HTML experience, is the autopostback. You will learn more about postbacks in one of the next chapters, but for now, just know that it makes the control contact the server eachtime an item is selected by the user. We will use this to our benefit now, by adding an event:

<asp:DropDownList runat="server" id="GreetList" autopostback="true" onselectedindexchanged="GreetList_SelectedIndexChanged">

We are using the onselectedindexchanged event, and assigning a method from CodeBehind which does not yet exist. You are free to choose the name of the method, but using a convention with the name of the control, an underscore, and then the name of the event, helps you keep track of it all. We better go create the event, so change to the Default.aspx.cs file, and add the following method:

protected void GreetList_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    HelloWorldLabel.Text = "Hello, " + GreetList.SelectedValue;

Once again, we make this extremely simple. We use the SelectedValue property of our dropdown list, which holds the text from the value property of the selected item. Try running the site, and select an item from the dropdown list. Pretty neat, huh? All commen controls come with a bunch of usefull events, which you can subscribe to like this.

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